Here are some articles you might like to read about training - for instance why it's worth making the effort.
Osteoporosis is a condition in which there is excessive reduction of calcium, the mineral that gives bones its stiffness, accompanied by loss of size. The rigidity and density of bones is important to allow our skeleton to withstand the pull of gravity and be the anchor for muscles to contract and perform our daily functions. This is particularly important in many of the activities that Silver Grey Sports Club members participate in.
During childhood and in particular, during adolescence, there is rapid increase in bone size and density and we reach our peak bone density and mass around the age of 17-20. From then on, there is normally a natural slow and steady decline, and a sharper decline occurs after the cessation of production of sex hormones e.g. the menopause in women.
Sports injuries are described as a disruption of bone, ligament, muscle, tendon or soft tissue as a result of participation in a sporting activity. They can be broadly classified into acute, or traumatic and cumulative, or overuse.
The description of an ‘Older athlete’ is a little more nebulous, and varies greatly between individuals. Research has shown that from approximately the age of 40 there is a reduction in muscle mass, strength, flexibility and cardiovascular capacity. However, that is not across the board and neither is it set in stone. It is dependent on many factors such as training history and current activity level and of course psychological readiness. “A 75 year old athlete may perform many times faster and be in better health than a sedentary 30 – 40 year old” Dr Vonda Wright.
Victoria Watson is a New Zealand trained physiotherapist with a Post-Graduate Masters in Sports Physiotherapy. She has worked extensively abroad, in New Zealand, UK and Hong Kong before making Sydney home in 2008. As a sports enthusiast she has worked with many high level teams such as the NZ under 21 Netball, Middlesex Development Cricket Squad (London) and Hong Kong Netball. Victoria is particularly interested in the management of spinal pain, specialising in cervical spine dysfunction, including whiplash and sporting neck injuries. Biomechanical analysis of sports injuries and exercise rehabilitation for muscle imbalance problems also makes up a large part of her practice.
When I was at school my PE teacher often repeated the mantra ‘healthy body healthy mind’ - as I and my friends shivered and grumbled our way out onto the playing fields on a cold winter’s day to do sport. I didn’t really think about the meaning of what she was saying until now.
The accepted wisdom today tends to emphasise that it is the mind that decides what the body can endure ‘mind over matter’ is frequently stated to motivate us to higher achievement. Although there is no doubt that the way we think affects the way we behave, I tend to look at my body and it’s potential from another angle. I believe that by concentrating on getting myself fitter and stronger physically, that makes me feel more positive and confident to take on physical challenges.
In a previous article on this site, we put forward the idea that much of the loss of muscle bulk that is traditionally associated with ageing can be avoided by exercising. More evidence to support this comes from a study published in The Physician and Sports Medicine.
The study, by scientists from University of Pittsburgh and University of Lausanne, shows that much of the loss can be ascribed to the increasingly sedentary lifestyle that usually accompanies ageing, and that regular, intense exercise can greatly alter this.